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August 2003 Clean Air Act Epa Should Use Available Data to Monitor the Effects of Its Revisions to the New Source Review Program

By General Accounting Office

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Book Id: WPLBN0000001320
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 0.1 MB
Reproduction Date: 2005
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Title: August 2003 Clean Air Act Epa Should Use Available Data to Monitor the Effects of Its Revisions to the New Source Review Program  
Author: General Accounting Office
Language: English
Subject: Government publications, Accountability in government, United States. General Accounting Office
Collections: Government Library Collection, Government Accountability Integrity Reliability Office Collection
Publication Date:
Publisher: United States General Accounting Office (Gao)


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Office, G. A. (n.d.). August 2003 Clean Air Act Epa Should Use Available Data to Monitor the Effects of Its Revisions to the New Source Review Program. Retrieved from

Government Accountability Integrity Reliability Office Collection

Excerpt: Consistent with agency guidance, EPA used a limited screening analysis that relied on staff?s professional judgment and public comments from earlier reform proposals to conclude that the final rule would decrease emissions and health risks and not impose significant costs. EPA determined that neither the rule?s benefits nor its costs would exceed a $100 million threshold that triggers requirements to conduct a more comprehensive assessment. EPA issued the rule to streamline the NSR permitting process and provide flexibility to industry. For example, the rule provides a mechanism for companies to develop plantwide emissions limits, which would allow them to make changes in one part of a facility?s operations as long as they offset emissions increases with decreases elsewhere within the facility. While OMB agreed with EPA?s conclusion that the rule would not have significant economic effects, it determined that the rule was significant for policy reasons. Therefore, OMB asked EPA if it could better quantify the rule?s potential impacts, but the agency lacked the necessary data to do so. EPA lacked comprehensive data on the program?s economic impacts, and could not predict how many facilities would use the rule?s optional provisions. Several states and environmental groups disagree with EPA?s conclusions, claiming that it will enable facilities to increase their emissions. These parties have filed suit against EPA challenging the rule and also have petitioned EPA to reconsider the rule. We did not identify any comprehensive assessments that contradicted or supported EPA?s conclusions or the assertions of those who oppose the rule. Because of the data limitations, it was not possible to verify EPA?s conclusions about the rule?s effects.


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