World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Vâlcea County

Article Id: WHEBN0000269324
Reproduction Date:

Title: Vâlcea County  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of cities and towns in Romania, Oltenia, Popești, Călimănești, Frâncești
Collection: Counties of Romania, Geography of Wallachia, Vâlcea County
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Vâlcea County

Vâlcea County
Județul Vâlcea
Coat of arms of Vâlcea County
Coat of arms
Administrative map of Romania with Vâlcea county highlighted
Country Romania
Development region Sud-Vest
Historical region Muntenia, Oltenia
Capital Râmnicu Vâlcea
 • Total 5,765 km2 (2,226 sq mi)
Area rank 20th
Population (2011)
 • Total 355,320
 • Rank 26th
 • Density 62/km2 (160/sq mi)
Telephone code (+40) 250 or (+40) 350[1]
ISO 3166 code RO-VL
Website County Council

Vâlcea (also spelt Vîlcea; Romanian pronunciation: ) is a county (județ) of Romania. Located in the historical regions of Oltenia and Muntenia (which are separated by the Olt River), it is also part of the wider Wallachia region. Its capital city is Râmnicu Vâlcea.


  • Demographics 1
  • Geography 2
    • Neighbours 2.1
  • Economy 3
  • Tourism 4
  • Politics 5
  • Administrative divisions 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8


In 2011, it had a population of 355,320 and the population density was 61.63/km².

Year County population[3]
1948 341,590
1956 362,356
1966 368,779
1977 414,241
1992 436,298
2002 413,247
2011 355,320


This county has a total area of 5,765 km².

The North side of the county is occupied by the mountains from the Southern Carpathians group - The Făgăraș Mountains in the East with heights over 2200 m, and the Lotru Mountains in the West with heights over 2000 m. They are separated by the Olt River valley - the most accessible passage between Transylvania and Muntenia. Along the Olt River Valley there are smaller groups of mountains, the most spectacular being the Cozia Mountains.

Towards the South, the heights decrease, passing through the sub-carpathian hills to a high plain in the West side of the Romanian Plain.

The main river is the Olt River crossing the county from North to South. Its main affluents are the Lotru River in the North and the Olteț River in the South.



The city of Râmnicu Vâlcea is the most industrialised in the county, the rest of the county having an agrarian development.

The predominant industries in the county are:

  • Chemical industry.
  • Food and beverage industry.
  • Textile industry.
  • Mechanical components industry.
  • Construction materials.
  • Wood and furniture industry.

In the West of the county coal and salt are extracted.

The area in the center of the county is well suited for fruit orchards, wines and raising cattle. The South is better suited for growing cereals and vegetables.

More information about Valcea County economy on Valcea Chamber of Commerce and Industry


The main tourist destinations are:


Vâlcea County is administered by a County Council, elected in the June 2008 local government elections, and is made up of 32 councillors, headed by Ion Cîlea from the Social Democratic Party as President. The County Council has the following party composition:

    Party Seats Current Council
  Democratic Liberal Party 11                      
  Social Democratic Party 11                      
  National Liberal Party 10                    

Administrative divisions

Vâlcea County has 2 municipalities, 9 towns and 78 communes


  1. ^ The number used depends on the numbering system employed by the phone companies on the market.
  2. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația după etnie"
  3. ^ National Institute of Statistics, [2]

External links

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.