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Third National Assembly at Troezen

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Title: Third National Assembly at Troezen  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Panoutsos Notaras, Filomousos Eteria, Greek War of Independence, Greek Constitution of 1827, London Protocol (1830)
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Third National Assembly at Troezen

The Third Greek National Assembly at Troezen (}

}}: Γ' Εθνοσυνέλευση της Τροιζίνας) was convened during the latter stages of the Greek Revolution.

Convening of the Assembly

The long-delayed Third National Assembly was initially convened in April 1826 at Georgios Sisinis.

Election of Capodistrias

The election of Capodistrias

Having suffered from internal dissensions, the Assembly decided to create a supreme post to preside over the Executive, creating thus the office of Governor of Greece, to which it elected the then most distinguished Greek, Count John Capodistria, for a seven-year term, on April 3. A Governmental Commission was set up to administer Greece until his arrival.

The new Constitution

On 1 May, the Assembly approved by vote of the Political Constitution of Greece. For the first time, the Constitution was not labeled "Provisional", signaling the Greek aspirations for complete independence from the Ottoman Empire. This Constitution consisted of 150 articles. It established key principles in Greek Constitutional history which remain to this day, such as the statement "Sovereignty lies with the people; every power derives from the people and exists for the people". It established a strict separation of powers, vesting the executive power to the Governor and assigning to the body of the representatives of the people, named Boule, the legislative power. The Governor only had a suspending veto on the bills, and lacked the right to dissolve the Parliament. He was inviolable, while the Secretaries of

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