World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Tart

Article Id: WHEBN0000642702
Reproduction Date:

Title: Tart  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Dessert, List of pies, tarts and flans, Crostata, Gypsy tart, Neenish tart
Collection: Tarts
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Tart

Tart
Blueberry tart
Main ingredients Pastry crust (usually shortcrust pastry)
Variations Sweet tarts, savoury tarts
Cookbook: Tart 

A tart is a baked dish consisting of a filling over a pastry base with an open top not covered with pastry. The pastry is usually shortcrust pastry; the filling may be sweet or savoury, though modern tarts are usually fruit-based, sometimes with custard. Tartlet refers to a miniature tart; an example would be egg tarts. Examples of tarts include jam tarts, which may be different colours depending on the flavour of the jam used to fill them, and the Bakewell tart.

The categories of 'tart', 'flan', 'quiche' and 'pie' overlap, with no sharp distinctions. The French word tarte can be translated to mean either pie or tart, as both are mainly the same with the exception of a pie usually covering the filling in pastry, while flans and tarts leave it open.[1] Tarts are also typically free-standing with firm pastry, thick filling, and perpendicular sides while pies may have softer pastry, looser filling, and sloped sides, necessitating service from the pie plate.[2][3] The Italian crostata, dating to at least the mid-15th century, has been described as a "rustic free-form version of an open fruit tart".[4]

Early medieval tarts generally had meat fillings, but later ones were often based on fruit and custard.[5]

Tarte Tatin is an upside-down tart, of apples, other fruit, or onions.

Savoury tarts include quiche, a family of savoury tarts with a mostly custard filling; German Zwiebelkuchen 'onion tart', and Swiss cheese tart made from Gruyere.

Contents

  • Gallery 1
  • See also 2
  • Notes 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Gallery

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Davidson: s.v. 'tart'
  2. ^ "Pie or Tart: What's the Difference". Retrieved 2015-03-15. 
  3. ^ "Pie vs. Tart: What's the Difference?". Retrieved 2015-03-15. 
  4. ^ Corley: 2011. Page 129.
  5. ^ Davidson: s.v. 'tart'

References

  • Corley, Dinah (2011). Gourmet Gifts: 100 Delicious Recipes for Every Occasion to Make Yourself & Wrap with Style.  
  • Davidson, Alan. The Oxford Companion to Food. 

External links

  • Media related to at Wikimedia Commons
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.