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Title: Simmering  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Donburi, Twice cooked pork, Slow cooker, Coddling, Creaming (food)
Collection: Cooking Techniques, Culinary Terms
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Meatball Soup simmering on a stove.

Simmering is a food preparation technique in which foods are cooked in hot liquids kept just below the boiling point of water[1] (which is 100 °C or 212 °F at average sea level air pressure), but higher than poaching temperature. To keep a pot simmering, one brings it to a boil and then reduces the heat to a point where the formation of bubbles has almost ceased, typically a water temperature of about 94 °C (200 °F).


  • In food preparation 1
    • Japanese cuisine 1.1
    • American cuisine 1.2
    • Bulgarian cuisine 1.3
    • Dutch and Flemish cuisine 1.4
    • Modern stoves 1.5
  • References 2
  • External links 3

In food preparation

Simmering ensures gentler treatment than boiling to prevent food from toughening and/or breaking up. Simmering is usually a rapid and efficient method of cooking. Food that has simmered in milk or cream instead of water is sometimes referred to as creamed. The appropriate simmering temperature is a topic of debate among chefs, with some contending that a simmer is as low as 82 °C (180 °F).[2]

Japanese cuisine

In Japanese cuisine, simmering is considered one of the four essential cooking techniques.

American cuisine

Food prepared in a crockpot is simmered. Examples include stews, chili, soups, etc.

Bulgarian cuisine

Bulgarian traditional food, especially tender meat dishes are often simmered for extended periods of time. Examples include stews, soups, Vanyas, etc.

Dutch and Flemish cuisine

Typical Dutch burner for simmering meat

In traditional Dutch and Flemish cuisine, less tender cuts of beef are simmered during several hours to obtain Carbonade flamande. Traditionally a small flame is used, fed by burning oil. On modern stoves, the source of heat is put very low, or a simmering plate is used to diminish the heat. Usually a cast iron pan is used with a thick bottom. The meat is ready if it can be easily torn apart into threads. [3]

Modern stoves

Some modern gas ranges are equipped with a simmering burner, with such burners usually located at the rear of the range. Many electric ranges have a simmer setting.


  1. ^ Simmer definition from - Culinary arts. Retrieved May 2009.
  2. ^ The Professional Chef (9th edition). John Wiley & Sons Inc. 2011. pp. 263 et seq.  
  3. ^ "Simmering meat". Retrieved 1 June 2015. 

External links

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