World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0010255295
Reproduction Date:

Title: Palaemonidae  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Palaemonoidea, Cryphiops caementarius, Palaemon serratus, Macrobrachium, Cleaner shrimp
Collection: Palaemonoidea
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Periclimenes pedersoni, a cleaner shrimp of the Pontoniinae
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Crustacea
Class: Malacostraca
Order: Decapoda
Infraorder: Caridea
Superfamily: Palaemonoidea
Family: Palaemonidae
Rafinesque, 1815

Palaemonidae is a family of shrimp in the order Decapoda. Two subfamilies are distinguished: Palaemoninae and Pontoniinae. The Palaemoninae are mainly carnivores that eat small invertebrates and can be found in any aquatic habitat except the deep sea. The most significant palaemonine genus is Macrobrachium, which contains commercial species such as Macrobrachium rosenbergii. The Pontoniinae inhabit coral reefs, where they associate with certain invertebrates such as sponges, cnidarians, mollusks and echinoderms. This group includes cleaner shrimps as well as parasites and commensals. They generally feed on detritus, though some are carnivores and hunt tiny animals.


Macrobrachium carcinus, a freshwater species in the Palaemoninae
Miopontonia yongei from Bali with unidentified bopyrid.

The family contains more than 950 species in 137 genera,[1][2] divided unevenly between two subfamilies:[3][4]

Palaemoninae Rafinesque, 1815
Pontoniinae Kingsley, 1879


  1. ^ Shane T. Ahyong, James K. Lowry, Miguel Alonso, Roger N. Bamber, Geoffrey A. Boxshall, Peter Castro, Sarah Gerken, Gordan S. Karaman, Joseph W. Goy, Diana S. Jones, Kenneth Meland, D. Christopher Rogers & Jörundur Svavarsson (2011). Z.-Q. Zhang, ed. "Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness" ( 
  2. ^ Sammy De Grave, N. Dean Pentcheff, Shane T. Ahyong et al. (2009). "A classification of living and fossil genera of decapod crustaceans".  
  3. ^ Sammy De Grave (2012). "Palaemoninae".  
  4. ^ Charles Fransen & Sammy De Grave (2012). "Pontoniinae".  

External links

  • Media related to at Wikimedia Commons
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.