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Mayor of Jerusalem

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Title: Mayor of Jerusalem  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Ehud Olmert, Arcadi Gaydamak, Mordechai Ish-Shalom, Jerusalem Municipality, Akiva Eldar
Collection: Jerusalem-Related Lists, Lists of Mayors of Places in Israel, Mayors of Jerusalem
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Mayor of Jerusalem

Mayor of the City of Jerusalem
Incumbent
Nir Barkat

since November 11, 2008
Residence 1 Safra Square, Jerusalem
Term length 5 years
Inaugural holder Musa al-Alami
Formation 1867
Website Office of the Mayor

The Mayor of the City of Jerusalem is head of the executive branch of the political system in Jerusalem, The Jerusalem Municipality. The mayor's office administers all city services, public property, most public agencies, and enforces all city and state laws within Jerusalem.

The mayor's office is located in Safra Square; it has jurisdiction over all the city's neighborhoods. The mayor appoints a large number of officials, including Directors who head city departments, and his or her deputy mayors.

Contents

  • History 1
  • List of Mayors of Jerusalem 2
    • Ottoman Empire (1848-1920) 2.1
    • Mandatory Palestine (1920-1948) 2.2
    • State of Israel (1948-present) 2.3
      • Mayors of Jerusalem (Israel) 2.3.1
      • Mayors of East Jerusalem (Jordan) 2.3.2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

History

The Jerusalem City Council was established in 1863 during the rule of the Ottoman Empire. From 1948 to 1967 two municipalities operated in the city: the Israeli municipality of Jerusalem provided services to the western neighborhoods of the city and the Jordanian municipality of Al-Quds to its eastern parts.

By 1840, the Jewish community constituted the largest single religious group in the city.[1] From the 1880s onward, the Jews constituted the majority within the city.[2] However, it was only in 1937, under the British Mandate, that the first Jewish mayor was appointed.

List of Mayors of Jerusalem

This is a list of mayors of Jerusalem in chronological order.

Ottoman Empire (1848-1920)

Mandatory Palestine (1920-1948)

Name Term start Term end Party
1 Raghib al-Nashashibi 1920 1934 National Defence Party
2 Hussein al-Khalidi 1934 1937 Reform Party
3 Daniel Auster 1937 1938 General Zionists
4 Mustafa al-Khalidi 1938 1944 National Defence Party
(3) Daniel Auster[8] 1944 1945 General Zionists
5 City Council's committee 1945 1948 Various

State of Israel (1948-present)

Mayors of Jerusalem (Israel)


Mayor of Jerusalem Took office Left office Party Coalition
1 Daniel Auster 1948 1950 General Zionists General Zionists
1948 – 1950
2 Zalman Shragai 1950 1952 Hapoel HaMizrachi United Religious Front
1950 – 1952
3 Yitzhak Kariv 1952 1955 Mizrachi United Religious Front
1952 – 1955
4 Gershon Agron 1955 1959 Mapai Mapai - Ahdut HaAvoda
1955 – 1959
5 Mordechai Ish-Shalom 1959 1965 Mapai Mapai - Ahdut HaAvoda
1959 – 1965
6 Teddy Kollek 1965 1993 Rafi then
Labor Party
Alignment Coalition
1965 – 1969
Labor - Alignment - Mapam
1969 – 1993
7 Ehud Olmert 1993 2003 Likud Likud
1993 – 2003
8 Uri Lupolianski 2003 2008 Degel HaTorah United Torah Judaism - Degel HaTorah - Agudat Yisrael
2003 – 2008
9 Nir Barkat 2008 Incumbent Independent Likud - Independents
From 2008

Mayors of East Jerusalem (Jordan)


Mayor of East Jerusalem Took office Left office Party
1 Anwar Khatib 1948 1950 Independent
2 Aref al-Aref 1950 1951 Independent
3 Hannah Atallah 1951 1952 Independent
4 Omar Wa'ari 1952 1955 Independent
5 City Council's committee 1955 1957 Independents
6 Ruhi al-Khatib 1957 1967[9] Independent

See also

References

  1. ^ Grenville, John Ashley Soames. A History of the World from the 20th to the 21st Century; Routledge, 2005. pg. 456. ISBN 0-415-28955-6
  2. ^ Weiner, Justus Reid. Is Jerusalem Being "Judaized"?, Jewish Political Studies Review 15:1–2 (Spring 2003), citing Schmelz, U.O. "Modern Jerusalem's Demographic Evolution," Jewish Population Studies 20 (1987):9
  3. ^ Johann Büssow,Hamidian Palestine: Politics and Society in the District of Jerusalem 1872–1908, Brill, 2011 p. 554.
  4. ^ a b Lauren Gelfond Feldinger, 'The next Palestinian revolution, as seen through the eyes of a moderate scholar,' at Haaretz 14 June 2013
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k
  6. ^ Lydia Mamreov-Mountford, The Kaiser in Jerusalem, New York Times, 27 November 1898
  7. ^ a b According to Bernard Wasserstein (1977) Al-'Alami may have been mayor from 1906. In 'Clipping the Claws of the Colonisers': Arab Officials in the Government of Palestine, 1917-48 "MUSA AL-'ALAMI was born in Jerusalem in 1897. His father, Faidi. Effendi al-'Alami, was a large landowner, Mayor of Jerusalem (1906-9)" Published in: Middle Eastern Studies, Vol. 13, No. 2 (May, 1977), pp. 171-194, Publisher:Taylor & Francis, Ltd. Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4282641
  8. ^ He was Acting Mayor of Jerusalem, after Mustafa al-Khalidi's death in 1944.
  9. ^ The office of Mayor of East Jerusalem was dissolved in 1967 after the Six-Day War and it has been titular since then. When al-Khatib died in 1994, he was succeeded by Amin al-Majaj (1994-1998), who was succeeded by Zaki al-Ghul (1999-present).

External links

  • Mayors of Jerusalem
  • Jerusalem at World Statesmen
  • Mayors of Jerusalem at City of Jerusalem
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