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List of fried dough foods

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Title: List of fried dough foods  
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List of fried dough foods

This is a list of fried dough foods. Many cultures have dishes that are prepared by deep frying dough in many various forms. Doughnuts are a type of fried dough food that are covered separately in the WorldHeritage article List of doughnut varieties. Chinese restaurants in the U.S. sometimes serve small fried pastries similar to doughnut holes.

Contents

  • Fried dough foods 1
  • See also 2
  • References 3
  • Further reading 4
  • External links 5

Fried dough foods

Name Image Origin Description (including main ingredients and notable aspects)
Akara West Africa Most popular in Nigeria is a fried dough made from ground black-eyed peas or black-eyed pea flour. Onions, peppers, and salt to taste are added for more flavor. Typically eaten as a breakfast with "pap,"or custard locally called akamu by Igbo people. Very similar to the latin Acaraje.
Bamiyeh, zulbiā, ballıbadı Iran, Azerbaijan Traditional treat made from a yogurt and starch-based dough, which is fried before being dipped in syrup. Similar to Turkish tulumba.
Bannock Canada Also called frybread
Bannock Scotland A bread the same thickness as a scone. Native Americans and particularly Métis, in western Canada and the northern Great Plains in the United States, adopted bannock in their own cuisine over the 18th and 19th centuries.
BeaverTails Canada Pastries[1] - registered trademark, oblong shaped fried dough, like American elephant ears
Beignet France The pastry is also present in New Orleans, Louisiana as a deep-fried choux pastry covered with confectioner's sugar in the U.S. and Belgium, and sometimes described as a French doughnut; however, as with other variants of fried sweet pastry, the beignet typically has its own distinctive characteristics (shape and texture). These differences are sufficient in the minds of some of beignet devotees to object to it being considered a doughnut.
Berliner or Krapfen Germany The doughnut equivalents, typically do not have the typical ring shape (except for a variety in southern Germany as so-called Auszogne which have a ring shape but a skin in the middle) but instead are solid, usually filled with jam. (German doughnuts are sometimes called "Berlin doughnuts" in the US.)
Bhatoora Indian Punjab, Pakistan Very chewy bread made by flattened dough being fried until it puffs into a light brown fluffy form.
Binangkal Philippines Fried flour balls covered with sesame seeds
Bolinho de chuva Brazil Deep-fried sweet dough balls
Bomboloni Italy Similar to German Krapfen, with a cream (or chocolate) filling.
Boortsog Central Asia A fried dough food found in the cuisines of Central Asia, Idel-Ural, and Mongolia. They may be thought of as cookies or biscuits, and since they are fried, they are sometimes compared to doughnuts.
Bugnes France
Buñuelo Mexico Also known as the "Mexican Fried Cookie", this is essentially a round, cookie-shaped doughnut, often pan-fried rather than deep fried. They can have a mix of sugar and cinnammon sprinkled on top or be covered in a syrup made out of Piloncillo or Panela.
Buñuelos Spain
Çäkçäk Tatarstan, Bashkortostan (Russia) A sweet made from unleavened dough cut and rolled into hazelnut-sized balls, which are then deep-fried in oil.
Chakli (Murukku) India A South Indian snack of savory crunchy twists made from rice and urad dal flour.[2] Murukku means twisted in the Tamil language.[3] The town of Manapparai in Tamil Nadu is particularly known for its murukku.[4] Murukku is made in many varieties as a traditional treat for festivals such as Diwali and Krishna Janmashtami.[5] Murukku are often served on special occasions within Iyer (Tamil Brahmin) families.[6]
Chiacchiere Italy And lattughe in Lombardy
Cenci Italy And Donzelle in Tuscany- Chiacchiere (also called cenci - lit. 'rags') can be served with honey on top (or powdered sugar). Donzelle are stripes of fried bread dough, usually served with ham and mozzarella.
Chiburekki Central Asia, Crimea, Russia A fried turnover with a filling of ground or minced meat and onions. It is made with a single round piece of dough folded over the filling in a half-moon shape. A national dish of the Crimean Tatars, it is also popular throughout Central Asia, Russia, Ukraine, Turkey.
Chruściki Poland Also known as faworki, this is a fried, crispy flat dough, sometimes twisted and sprinkled with confectioner's sugar.
Churro Mexico, Spain A thin cylinder of deep-fried pastry with a characteristic 'ridged' surface, due to being extruded through a star shaped hole. It is also popular in the US where it is sometimes referred to a "Mexican Doughnut". In Mexico, churros are often had for breakfast or in local fiestas, matched with thick chocolate or white coffee. They are sometimes homemade or bought frozen to fry at home, but most are bought at cafes or from fixed or ambulatory churrerías.
Ciambelle Italy The doughnut equivalents (but they are never glazed)
Coxinha Brazil A croquette-like food with chicken filling.
Crostoli Italy Or crostui in Friuli Venezia Giulia
Curry bread Japan A curry-filled bread, dipped in panko and deep fried. It is usually pre-packaged and sold in convenience stores and bakeries.
Dutchie Canada Originated at Tim Horton's restaurants, is a square doughnut-like pastry topped with raisins and a sugary glaze
Elephant ears United States Fairground specialty, a large, flat round fried yeast dough, often covered in fruit or sugar, also called fried bread, fried dough, whales tails, tiger ears, pizza frita, frying saucers, doughboys. Similar to Canadian BeaverTails
Falafel Middle East
Fartura Portugal Fairground specialty, fried in a spiral and then snipped into pieces that are powdered with sugar (see fartura)
Frappe Italy And Sfrappole in Emilia Romagna
Fraser United Kingdom A disc of leavened wheat flour dough shallow fried in oil. A traditional dish prepared by travelling communities, usually in a frying pan over an open fire. Frasers may be savory or sweet and can contain spices, chopped onions, garlic and tomatoes. In the 1990s frasers became a staple food of British environmental activists occupying wild sites threatened by government road building programs.
Fried bread United Kingdom - Is triangular (usually) quarter or half slices of white bread fried in, traditionally, bacon dripping, and served on a plate with eggs, bacon, sausage, black pudding, beans and tomatoes as part of a traditional "Full English breakfast".
Fried Coke United States A creation made in the summer of 2006 which has proven very popular in Texas. Batter is mixed with Coca-Cola syrup and fried, after which it is topped with more Coke syrup or whipped cream, a cherry, etc.[7]
Fritter Is any kind of food coated in batter and deep fried. Although very similar to a doughnut it differs in the fact that it requires some base ingredient beyond the dough it is cooked with.
Fritule Croatia
Frybread United States (Also known as "popovers") is a Native American fried dough which may range from bread-like to donut-like depending on the source, as many tribes use different recipes.
Funnel cake United States A creation which is made with fried sweet pastry where the pastry dough is extruded through a funnel into a pan of hot oil and allowed to "criss-cross" in the oil until the string of dough fills the bottom of the pan in a kind of tangled spaghetti-like arrangement, which is cooked as a cake rather than an individual snack. Funnel cakes are usually associated with carnivals, fairs, amusement parks, and seaside towns, much like cotton candy.
Gogoşi Romania Round or ring shaped, fried dough usually topped with powdered sugar or filled with fruit jam or chocolate cream.
Haliva Circassia (Russia) A fried dough turnover filled with either potatoes or Circassian cheese.
Hirschhörner Germany A dough that uses Hirschhornsalz and Pottasche as leavening agents. The dough is rolled out thin, cut into diamonds. One corner is pulled through a slit cut in the middle of each diamond. They are then deep fried, dripped off and turned over in a bowl of granulated sugar until covered. A Northern German specialty prepared on New Year's Eve.
Hushpuppies United States Savory fried dough balls made from a heavy cornmeal batter
Jalebi India, Pakistan (Hindi: जलेबी, Urdu: جلیبی‎, Punjabi: ਜਲੇਬੀ, Telugu: జిలేబి) or Jilapi (Bengali: জিলাপী), this is a deep-fried sweet batter with rose water and saffron. Similar to Persian Zoolbiya.
Jersey wonders Jersey These are also known as Mèrvelles
Jin deui China A hollow fried pastry made of glutinous rice flour that is coated with sesame seeds and filled with a sweet filling.
Kachori India Doughnuts filled with stuffing of baked mixture of yellow moong dal or Urad Dal (crushed and washed horse beans), besan (crushed and washed gram flour), black pepper, red chili powder, salt and other spices.
Kachori Pakistan Doughnuts filled with ground beef or lamb and deep fried. Vegetarian ones often contain potatoes.
Karinto Japan
Khuushuur Mongolia A fried turnover with a filling of ground or minced meat (beef or mutton), onions or garlic, and other spices.
Khvorost Russia In Russian Хворост, crisp pastry made out of dough shaped into thin twisted ribbons, deep-fried and sprinkled with powdered sugar
Kleina Iceland (Plural Kleinur)
Klejne Denmark (Plural "Klejner")
Krafne Croatia From German - Krapfen
Kroštule Croatia Other local names: hruštule, hrustule, hrostule, krustavice, krustule (From Latin Crustulum – cookie, pastry).
Lángos Hungary
Laufabrauð Iceland A traditional kind of Icelandic bread that is most often eaten in the Christmas season.[8] Originating from northern Iceland but now eaten throughout the entire country,[8] it consists of round, very thin flat cakes with a diameter of about 15 to 20 cm (6 to 8 inches), decorated with leaf-like, geometric patterns and fried briefly in hot fat or oil.[9]
Lokma Turkey
Loukoumades Greece Somewhat like crisp doughnut holes, loukoumades (pronounced loo-koo-MA-thes) consist of deep-fried dough balls marinated in honey and cinnamon.
Lörtsy Finland A thin, half-moon shaped pastry originally from Savonlinna, eastern Finland. It is made with a variety of fillings; the most common ones are either a savory meat filling or a sweet apple filling.
Luchi India (Eastern)
Bangladesh
Made of wheat flour typical of Oriya, Assamese and Bengali cuisine, dough is made by mixing fine maida flour with water and spoonful of ghee, then divided in small balls, flattened by rolling-pin, individually deep-fried in cooking oil or ghee, 4-5 inches diameter, usually served with curries or gravies.
Luqmat al-qadi Middle East (لقمة القاضي) literally, judge's mouthful, this is a relative and etymological ancestor of the Greek Loukoumas. Also called sfingis (in Arabic) and lokma (Turkish, see below).
Ma Hua China A fried dough twist made by frying a bar of dough in peanut oil. Ma hua has a shiny and golden look.
Malasada Portugal A fried dough from Sao Miguel Island, Azores, Portugal which are also popular in Hawaii and in Cape Cod Massachusetts, where they are called "flippers".
Mandazi East Africa A fried bread (served with no glazing or frosting) that is popular in areas around the Swahili countries of Kenya and Tanzania. Often eaten along with breakfast or tea, or as a snack by itself.
Meat doughnut Finland (Lihapiirakka)
Mеkitzi Bulgaria (Мекици)- similar to Funnel cake
Mutzenmandeln Germany Dough triangles, deep fried and covered in confectioner's sugar. Originally from Southern Germany, now a common fair snack and offered by pastry stalls around Christmas throughout Germany.
Namak pare Pakistan, India A crunchy savory snack of the Indian Subcontinent, they're ribbon-like strips of pastry delicately seasoned with cumin seeds, carom seeds, and caraway seeds and deep fried in pure ghee (clarified butter).
Nonnevotte Netherlands and Belgium (Literally "nuns' bottoms"), eaten around the Carnival season in Limburg.
Oliebollen / Smoutebollen Netherlands and Belgium Referred to as "Dutch doughnuts" (or occasionally as 'Dutch Donuts') which contain pieces of apple and/or dried fruit like raisins, traditionally eaten around New Year.
Ox-tongue pastry China An elliptical-shaped dough that resembles an ox tongue. They are sweet in taste and the texture is chewy and fine.
Pączki Poland' Springy doughnuts filled with jam, often coated with granulated or powdered sugar.
Pakora India, Pakistan Also called bhajji in India, Telugu: పకోడి, this is a deep-fried vegetable fritters in a gram flour batter. In Pakistan, pakoras filled with ground beef are also common.
Pampushky Ukraine (Пампушки)
Papadum (Papar) India Also called papad, papar, etc., this is a fried wafer made from a dough made of lentils (often urad dal) and spices. When fried as a dough or with sufficient moisture, it is called pappaṭam. When fried dry, it is called appal am.
Papadum Pakistan A fried wafer made of rice flour and often sprinkled with spices eaten as a snack.
Paraoa Parai New Zealand Fried wheat dough, sometimes with fermented potato (rewena) leavening.[10] Often served with butter and golden syrup.
Paratha Bangladesh, India, Pakistan Also called parantha, porota, etc., this is a pan-fried flatbread, often stuffed with vegetables, cheese, or ground meat. In Pakistan, parathas stuffed with either potatoes, radishes or ground meat are popular and a common breakfast dish. Layered parathas or "lachah/tehdaar" parathas are often used as a wrap for 'kebab rolls'.
Pastel Brazil A thin pastry envelope containing minced meat, catupiry and chicken, shrimp or another filling and then deep-fried.
Peremech Tatarstan, Bashkortostan (Russia) Peremech (Tatar: пәрәмәч) is a fried bun made of either leavened of unleavened dough and stuffed with minced meat. It usually has a hole in the middle. A similar dish is called belyash (Russian: беляш) in Russian.
Pestiños Spain
Petulla Albania Dough with yeast. Very similar to the fried dough found in US amusement parks and fairs.
Picarones Peru A sweet, ring-shaped pumpkin-based fritter; often served with a molasses syrup.
Pirozhki, pyrizhki, or belyashi Bulgaria, Russia, Ukraine Pirozhki (Russian: пирожки) or pyrizhki (Ukrainian: пирiжки) are traditional Eastern European baked or fried buns stuffed with a variety of fillings. The fried version is also called belyashi (Russian: беляши).
Ponchiki Russia (Пончики) or pyshki (пышки)
Ponichki Bulgaria (Понички)
Porras Spain Often served for breakfast, especially in Madrid).
Puff Puff West Africa Also a Nigerian dish, is a fried sweet dough (with no glazing or frosting) made from flour, sugar, yeast, and vanilla extract, typically served as an appetizer when entertaining guest, or bought as a snack from a street vendor.
Puftaloon Australia Made from flour, salt, butter, milk, traditionally fried in animal fat, popular with children in winter.
Puri India Unleavened, made of wheat flour (refined, whole-wheat, or coarse), dough of flour and salt rolled into small circle or bigger and cut into small circles, deep fried in ghee or vegetable oil, puffs up in all directions like a round ball from steam inside. Variations include the North Indian bhatoora (Hindi: भटूरा bhaṭūrā) and the Bengali luchi (Bengali: লুচি)
Poori Pakistan Unleavened, made of all purpose flour and deep fried bread. It is served in breakfast with chickpeas and semolina halwa as a part of 'halwa poori'.
Papri India Crisp fried dough wafers made from refined white flour and oil. In papri chaat, the papris are served with boiled potatoes, boiled chick peas, chilis, yogurt and tamarind chutney and topped with chaat masala and sev.
Rissole France Minced meat or fish, enclosed in pastry and deep fried.
Rosette Sweden Ornate irons are dipped into batter and then dropped into hot oil. The pastry quickly separates from the iron, which is removed. The rosettes are then fried to a light brown, removed from the oil, and sprinkled with powdered sugar.
Rosquillas Spain
Samosa India, Pakistan Including variants such as mitha samosa, shingara, etc., this is a deep-fried filled pastry
Sata andagi Japan A sweet, ball-shaped snack, similar to the doughnut, native to the Okinawa Prefecture.
Schneeballen Germany "Snowballs". Dough cut into strips, formed into a ball and fried then covered in toppings; popular in Rothenburg.
Shakoy Philippines A traditional doughnut variant from the Visayas islands with a distinctive twisted shape
Shuangbaotai China A sweet fried dough food with cavernous holes in the food and a crisp outside. They are made by sticking two small pieces of dough together and frying them, causing them to separate slightly while still connected, thus resembling conjoined twins, for which the food is named.
Shelpek Kazakhstan A deep-fried flatbread commonly consumed all over Kazakhstan.
Smultring Norway Literally "lard ring", this is similar to a doughnut but smaller, without glacing or filling, and flavored with cardamom.
Sopaipilla Brazil
Sopaipilla United States A fried dough side dish or dessert popular among Mexican-Americans in the Southwest. Sopaipillas puff with air when fried, the finished product resembling a pillow. They are often served with honey, but may also be sprinkled with a cinnamon and sugar mixture. Sopaipillas are characteristic of Tex-Mex or New Mexican cuisine.
Struffoli Italy A dessert of Neapolitan origin
Sufganiyah Israel (Jewish)
Tenkasu Japan Often produced as byproduct of Tempura cooking, because bits of fried batter are easily made while deep frying, but they are also produced at factories by deep frying trickling batter.
Timbit Canada Doughnut holes sold in many different flavors, originating at Tim Hortons and seen as somewhat iconic in Canada.
Toutin or Touton Canada Fried bits of leftover bread dough, often served with molasses. Most popular on Newfoundland.
Tulumba Turkey, Balkans Traditional treat consisting of fried batter soaked in syrup. Similar to bamiyeh in Iranian cuisine.
Urrädla Germany A fried dough made in Upper Franconia and served sprinkled with powdered sugar. It is a specialty of Franconian Switzerland, in the area around Forchheim. Also called Braada (breite) Küchla.[11]
Uštipci Serbia
Vada India Also called vara, bara, etc., this is lentil cakes shaped into patties or donut shapes
Verhuny Ukraine (Вергуни) or Khvorost (хворост), literally angel wings
Vetkoek South Africa Pronounced FET-kook, this is a fried bread dough traditional to Afrikaner and also called magwenya by the indigenous population. It is typically rolled into a ball or hot dog bun shape.
Youtiao China A popular breakfast food in Chinese culture. They are savory and oily in taste. The texture is crispy on the outside and chewy on the inside with large holes.
Zeppole Italy Commonly light-weight, deep-fried dough balls about 2 inches (5.1 cm) in diameter, these doughnuts or fritters are usually topped with powdered sugar and may be filled with custard, jelly, cannoli-style pastry cream or a butter-and-honey mixture.

See also

References

  1. ^ CANADIAN TRADE-MARK DATA: 0608414 - Canadian Trade-marks Database - Canadian Intellectual Property Office
  2. ^ "Murukku history". Munchy Murukkus. Retrieved 22 August 2012. 
  3. ^ "Murukku". Culinary Encyclopedia by ifood.tv. FutureToday Inc. Retrieved 22 August 2012. 
  4. ^ Gerald, Olympia Shilpa. "In search of Manapparai Murukku". The Hindu. The Hindu. Retrieved 22 August 2012. 
  5. ^ "Diwali Savory Recipes: Marukku". Edible Garden. Retrieved 22 August 2012. 
  6. ^ Devasahayam, Theresa. "When We Eat What We Eat: Classifying Crispy Foods in Malaysian Tamil Cuisine". Anthropology of food. OpenEdition. Retrieved 22 August 2012. 
  7. ^ Latest news, Latest News Headlines, news articles, news video, news photos - UPI.com
  8. ^ a b Salvör Gissurardóttir (2000). """Laufabrauð - "Leaf Bread. Retrieved 2007-12-09. 
  9. ^ Hanneck, Maike (2004). Island-Kochbuch (in German). túrí. pp. 30–31.  
  10. ^ Fried Bread (Paraoa Parai) recipe – All recipes Australia NZ
  11. ^ Genussregion Oberfranken - Deutsch » Spezialitäten » Genussregion von A-Z

Further reading

  • Rosana G Moriera et al., Deep Fat Frying: Fundamentals and Applications. ISBN 0-8342-1321-4

External links

  • Ethnic fried doughs around the world
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