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List of Speakers of the Parliament of Turkey

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Title: List of Speakers of the Parliament of Turkey  
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Subject: President of Turkey, Grand National Assembly of Turkey, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, Sadi Irmak, Bülent Arınç, Cemil Çiçek, Hikmet Çetin, Fethi Okyar, List of Turkish diplomats, Turkish presidential election, 2000
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List of Speakers of the Parliament of Turkey

Speaker of the Parliament
Meclis Başkanı
Seal of Grand National Assembly
The Right Honourable
Appointer Grand National Assembly of Turkey
Term length 4 years
Inaugural holder Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
Formation 23 April 1920

Following is a list of Speakers of the Parliament of Turkey. The name of the parliament of the Republic of Turkey, originally Grand National Assembly of Turkey (Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi) since its establishment on 23 April 1920, changed in its history several times after military interventions in the politics.

A Senate existed also besides the National Assembly, however only between the two coup d'états after 27 May 1960 and before 12 September 1980.

Acting President

In the event of a temporary absence of the President of the Republic of Turkey on account of illness, travel abroad or similar circumstances, the speaker of the parliament serves as acting president, and exercises the powers of the state president until the president resumes his functions, and in the event that the presidency falls vacant as a result of death or resignation or for any other reason, until the election of a new president.

List of Speakers

# Name Entered office Left office Party
Grand National Assembly
1 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk 24 April 1920 29 October 1923 Republican People's Party
2 Ali Fethi Okyar 1 November 1923 22 November 1924 Republican People's Party
3 Kazım Özalp 26 November 1924 1 March 1935 Republican People's Party
4 Abdülhalik Renda 1 March 1935 5 August 1946 Republican People's Party
5 Kâzım Karabekir 5 August 1946 26 January 1948 Republican People's Party
6 Ali Fuat Cebesoy 30 January 1948 1 November 1948 Republican People's Party
7 Şükrü Saracoğlu 1 November 1948 22 May 1950 Republican People's Party
8 Refik Koraltan 22 May 1950 27 May 1960 Democratic Party
House of Representatives
9 Kâzım Orbay 9 January 1961 26 October 1961 Non-party
National Assembly
10 Fuat Sirmen 1 November 1961 10 October 1965 Republican People's Party
11 Ferruh Bozbeyli 22 October 1965 1 November 1970 Justice Party
12 Sabit Osman Avcı 26 November 1970 14 October 1973 Justice Party
13 Kemal Güven 18 December 1973 5 June 1977 Republican People's Party
14 Cahit Karakaş 17 November 1977 12 September 1980 Republican People's Party
Consultative Assembly
15 Sadi Irmak 27 October 1981 4 December 1983 Non-party
Grand National Assembly
16 Necmettin Karaduman 4 December 1983 29 November 1987 Motherland Party
17 Yıldırım Akbulut (1st time) 24 December 1987 9 November 1989 Motherland Party
18 İsmet Kaya Erdem 21 November 1989 20 October 1991 Motherland Party
19 Hüsamettin Cindoruk 16 November 1991 1 October 1995 True Path Party
20 İsmet Sezgin 18 October 1995 24 December 1995 True Path Party
21 Mustafa Kalemli 25 January 1996 30 September 1997 Motherland Party
22 Hikmet Çetin 16 October 1997 18 April 1999 Republican People's Party
23 Yıldırım Akbulut (2nd time) 20 May 1999 30 September 2000 Motherland Party
24 Ömer İzgi 18 October 2000 3 November 2002 Nationalist Movement Party
25 Bülent Arınç 19 November 2002 9 August 2007 Justice and Development Party
26 Köksal Toptan 9 August 2007 9 August 2009 Justice and Development Party
27 Mehmet Ali Şahin 9 August 2009 4 July 2011 Justice and Development Party
28 Cemil Çiçek 4 July 2011 Incumbent Justice and Development Party

See also


  • Rulers website
  • Leaders of Turkey at Terra website
  • Grand National Assembly of Turkey official website (Turkish)
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