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Languages of Portugal

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Languages of Portugal

Languages of Portugal
Official languages Portuguese
Main foreign languages English (32%)
French (24%)
Spanish (9%)
Sign languages Portuguese Sign Language
Common keyboard layouts
Portuguese QWERTY
Source ebs_243_en.pdf (europa.eu)

The languages of Portugal are the languages spoken or once spoken in the territory of the country of Portugal.

Modern

Portuguese is practically universal in Portugal, but there are some specificities.

Portuguese dialects of Portugal
  • Portuguese language (European Portuguese), with the following dialects:
    • The Southern and Central dialects - They include the dialect of the capital, Lisbon, which however has some peculiarities of its own. Although the dialects of the Atlantic archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira have unique characteristics, as well, they can also be grouped with the southern dialects.
      • 1 - Açoriano — Azores
      • 2 - Alentejano — Alentejo
      • 3 - Algarvio — Algarve (there is a particular small dialect in the western area)
      • 5 - Baixo-Beirão; Alto-Alentejano — Central Portugal (interior)
      • 6 - Beirão — central Portugal
      • 7 - Estremenho — Regions of Coimbra and Lisbon (can be subdivided in Lisbon Portuguese and Coimbra Portuguese)
      • 8 - Madeirense — Madeira
    • The Northern dialects - This includes the dialect of Porto, Portugal's second largest city.
      • 4 - Alto-Minhoto — North of Braga (interior)
      • 9 - Nortenho — Regions of Braga and Porto
      • 10 - Transmontano — Trás-os-Montes
    • Barranquenho - In the town of Barrancos (in the border between Extremadura, Andalusia and Portugal), a dialect of Portuguese heavily influenced by Extremaduran is spoken, known as Barranquenho.
    • Minderico - a sociolect or argot spoken in Minde, practically extinct
  • Mirandese language - A dialect of Astur-Leonese spoken in Miranda do Douro, in northeastern Portugal
  • Portuguese Sign Language

Historically

Other languages have been extensively spoken in the territory of modern Portugal:

Pre-Roman languages

Pre-Roman languages of Iberia c. 200 BC.

Roman, Post-Roman and Medieval languages

See also

External links

  • Detailed map of the Pre-Roman Peoples of Iberia (around 200 BC)
  • Detailed linguistic map of the Iberian Peninsula


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