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James Hoge Tyler

James Hoge Tyler
43rd Governor of Virginia
In office
January 1, 1898 – January 1, 1902
Lieutenant Edward Echols
Preceded by Charles T. O'Ferrall
Succeeded by Andrew Jackson Montague
16th Lieutenant Governor of Virginia
In office
January 1, 1890 – January 1, 1894
Governor Philip W. McKinney
Preceded by John E. Massey
Succeeded by Robert Craig Kent
Member of the Virginia Senate
for Giles, Pulaski, Bland, and Tazewell
In office
December 5, 1877 – December 3, 1879
Preceded by Samuel H. Newberry
Succeeded by William A. French
(as Sen. for Giles, Pulaski, & Bland)
Samuel Leece
(as Senator for Tazewell)
Personal details
Born James Hoge Tyler
(1846-08-11)August 11, 1846
Caroline, Virginia, U.S.
Died January 3, 1925(1925-01-03) (aged 78)
Radford, Virginia, U.S.
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Sue Hammet
Religion Presbyterian
Military service
Allegiance  Confederate States
Service/branch Confederate States Army
Years of service 1862–1865
Rank Private
Battles/wars American Civil War

James Hoge Tyler (August 11, 1846 – January 3, 1925) was a United States political figure. He was the 16th Lieutenant Governor of Virginia from 1890 to 1894, and the 43rd Governor of Virginia from 1898 to 1902. He compiled The Family of Hoge, published posthumously in 1927.[1]

Governor Tyler[2] was from an old illustrious family,[3] including pioneers and the wealthy.


  • Biography 1
  • Election 2
  • Family 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5


He was born at Blenheim in Caroline County, Virginia on August 11, 1846. Two hours after his birth his mother died. His grandparents took him 300 miles by carriage to his mother's home, Hayfield, subsequently known as Belle Hampton, in Pulaski County, Virginia. There he was raised by his maternal grandparents, General James Hoge[4] and Eleanor Haven Howe.[5]

(General Hoge was the nephew of his wife's father and Eleanor Howe was the niece of her husband's mother, thus they were cousins, both grandchildren of Major Joseph Howe,[6] who was the brother (most likely) or cousin of: Richard Howe, 1st Earl Howe, 4th Viscount Howe; and Sir William Howe, 5th Viscount Howe.)

About 1862, at the age of 16, he enlisted in the Army of the Confederate States of America and served as a private until the end of the American Civil War rather than accept a commission as an officer and be separated from his friend.

On November 16, 1868, he married Sue Hammet of Montgomery County, Virginia, and the children by that marriage were Edward Hammet, James Hoge, Stockton Heth, Belle Norwood, Sue Hampton, Henry Clement, Eliza (Lily), and Eleanor. In 1861, Tyler inherited a number of properties form his grandfather General James Hoge, including Belle-Hampton in Pulaski County, Virginia.[7]

Tyler was a devout Presbyterian. Three times he was elected to the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church. In 1892 he was a delegate to the Pan Presbyterian Alliance in Toronto, and in 1896 a delegate to the convention in Glasgo, Scotland, where he presided over one of the sessions.

He was a member of the boards of trustees of Hampden-Sydney College, the Union Theological Seminary and the Synodical Orphans Home at Lynchburg.

He died January 3, 1925 at Halwick (note that this is the correct spelling of the home, not "Halwyck"), which he built in 1892.[7] Halwick was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1989.[8] Descendants of Governor Tyler, relying on numerous sources within the writings of Governor Tyler, believe that the correct spelling of his home is "Halwick," and that when the home was added to the National Register of Historic Places the name of the home was incorrectly spelled "Halwyck." One of the many sources that document this fact is in the book "The Family of Hoge: A Genealogy Compiled by James Hoge Tyler" (see page 66). Visit the website for other references to "Halwick."


1897; Tyler was elected Governor of Virginia with 64.59% of the vote, defeating Republican Patrick H. McCaull, Prohibitionists L.A. Cutler and John J. Quantz, and Independent James S. Cowden.


He spent the last years of his life compiling The Family of Hoge, a genealogy of the descendents of William Hoge[9] and Barbara Hume,[10] his great-great-great-grandparents and the American progenitors of the Hoge Family.

"About the close of the seventeenth century – 1682 – a young man named William Hoge, son of Sir James Hoge, who was a son of George Hoge, a son of Sir John Hoge, of Musselboro, Scotland, evidently in good circumstances, came to America on account of the religious persecutions under the Stuarts....
...He came to America in 1682 in the ship Caledonia to Perth Amboy, New Jersey, as a young man, and there came on the same ship a Sir James Hume from the same place in Scotland, who was the son of gentry and was well off. He was related to the Humes of Nine Wells and Lord Hume of Home, Earl of Home, and was related to David Hume, the great Historian and author. With Hume on the ship was his wife and daughter, Barbara. The man and his wife died on the voyage and Barbara was left an orphan and went with an uncle, Dr. Johnson of Perth Amboy. William Hoge afterward married Barbara in 1695.

James Hoge Tyler was:

  • 1st cousin once removed to R.S. Reynolds,[11] founder of Reynolds Metals, Reynolds Wrap, etc.
  • 1st cousin twice removed to James Fulton Hoge, Junior,[12] 6 time Pulitzer Prize winner and current editor of Foreign Affairs[13]
  • 1st cousin twice removed to Warren McClamroch Hoge,[14] editor in various capacities for the New York Times and currently their correspondent at the United Nations.
  • 2nd cousin once removed to Frederick Funston,[15] the man who saved San Francisco after the 1906 earthquake and fire.
  • 2nd cousin once removed to Moses Drury Hoge, D.D.,[16] The Chaplain of the Confederacy
  • 4th cousin to John Hoge (Seattle)[17] who personally financed the Hoge Building[18] in Seattle.
  • 2nd great-grand nephew of George Augustus Howe, 3rd Viscount Howe; Richard Howe, 4th Viscount Howe, and William Howe, 5th Viscount Howe.
  • Half-3rd cousin 3 times removed of George III of Great Britain
  • 4th great-grandson of Sir James Hoge
  • 4th great-grandson of Sir James Hume
  • Half-4th great-grand nephew of George I of Great Britain
  • 6th great-grandson of Sir David Home of Wedderburn

The Family of Hoge was published posthumously in 1927.


  1. ^ A copy is viewable at Heritage Quest Online
  2. ^ Governor Tyler
  3. ^ old illustrious family
  4. ^ General James Hoge
  5. ^ Eleanor Haven Howe
  6. ^ Major Joseph Howe
  7. ^ a b Gibson Worsham (February 1989). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Belle-Hampton" (PDF). Virginia Department of Historic Resources. 
  8. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places.  
  9. ^ William Hoge
  10. ^ Barbara Hume
  11. ^ R.S. Reynolds
  12. ^ James Fulton Hoge, Junior
  13. ^ Foreign Affairs
  14. ^ Warren McClamroch Hoge
  15. ^ Frederick Funston
  16. ^ Moses Drury Hoge, D.D.
  17. ^ John Hoge
  18. ^ Hoge Building

External links

  • A Guide to the Executive Papers of Governor James Hoge Tyler, 1860-1901 (bulk 1898-1901) at The Library of Virginia
Political offices
Preceded by
Charles T. O'Ferrall
Governor of Virginia
Succeeded by
Andrew Jackson Montague
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