World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Harghita County

Harghita County
Județul Harghita
Hargita megye
County
Landscape around Lake Sfânta Ana, southern Harghita County
Landscape around Lake Sfânta Ana, southern Harghita County
Coat of arms of Harghita County
Coat of arms
Harghita county, territorial location
Harghita county, territorial location
Country  Romania
Development region1 Centru
Historic region Transylvania
Capital city (Reședință de județ) Miercurea Ciuc
Government
 • Type County Board
 • President of the County Board Csaba Borboly (UDMR)
 • Prefect2 Constantin Strujan
Area
 • Total 6,639 km2 (2,563 sq mi)
Area rank 13th in Romania
Population (2011)
 • Total 304,969
 • Rank 33rd in Romania
 • Density 46/km2 (120/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 53wxyz3
Area code(s) +40 x664
Car Plates HR5
GDP US$ 2.63 billion (2008)
GDP/capita US$ 8,064 (2008)
Website County Board
County Prefecture
1The developing regions of Romania have no administrative role. They were formed just to attract funds from the European Union
2 as of 2007, the Prefect is not a politician, but a public functionary. He (or she) is not allowed to be a member of a political party, and is banned from having any political activity in the first six months after the resignation (or exclusion) from the public functionary corps
3w, x, y, and z are digits that indicate the city, the street, part of the street, or even the building of the address
4x is a digit indicating the operator: 2 for the former national operator, Romtelecom, and 3 for the other ground telephone networks
5used on both the plates of the vehicles that operate only in the county limits (like utility vehicles, ATVs, etc.), and the ones used outside the county

Harghita (Romanian pronunciation: , Hungarian: Hargita megye, Hungarian pronunciation: ) is a county (județ) in the center of Romania, in eastern Transylvania, with the county seat at Miercurea Ciuc.

Contents

  • Demographics 1
    • 2002 census 1.1
    • 2011 census 1.2
  • Geography 2
    • Neighbours 2.1
  • Economy 3
  • Tourism 4
  • Politics 5
  • Administrative divisions 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

Demographics

2002 census

In 2002, Harghita County had a population of 326,222[1] and a population density of 52/km².

2011 census

In 2011, it had a population of 302,432[3] and a population density of 46/km².

Harghita county has the highest percentage of Hungarians in Romania, just ahead of Covasna county. The Hungarians form the majority of the population in most of the county's municipalities, with Romanians concentrated in the northern and eastern part of the county (particularly Toplița and Bălan), as well as in the enclave of Voșlăbeni.

The Székelys of Harghita are mostly Roman Catholic, with Reformed and Unitarian minorities, while the ethnic Romanians are primarily Orthodox. Catholicism is strongest in the east, in the former Csíkszék, while Protestants are concentrated in the west, south and west of Odorheiu Secuiesc. By religion, the county is divided roughly as follows:

Demographic evolution

Geography

Harghita County has a total area of 6,639 km².

Harghita consists primarily of mountains, connected to the Eastern Carpathians, such as the Ciuc and Harghita Mountains; volcanic plateaux, foothills, and the more densely populated river valleys.

The mountains are volcanic in origin, and the region is known for its excellent hot mineral springs. Harghita is known as one of the coldest regions in Romania, although summers can be quite warm.

It is in this county that two of the most important rivers in Romania, the Mureș and the Olt, originate. These rivers' origins, near the villages of Izvoru Mureșului and Sândominic, are only a few miles apart; yet the Mureș flows west to the Tisza, while the Olt flows south to the Danube. In the western part of the county the two Târnava rivers (Târnava Mare and Târnava Mică) flow to the Târnava Plateau, which is part of the Transylvanian Plateau.

Harghita's spectacular natural scenery includes Cheile Bicazului, a dramatic, narrow canyon formed by the Bicaz stream. The county is renowned for its spa resorts and mineral waters.

Neighbours

Economy

The county's main industries:

  • Wood industry – up to 30%;
  • Foods and beverages industry;
  • Textile and leather processing;
  • Mechanical components.

Tourism

Lacul Roșu

The main tourist attractions in Harghita county are

Politics

The Harghita County Assembly has 31 members:

    Party Seats Current Council
  Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania 21                                          
  Hungarian Civic Party 4                                          
  Hungarian People's Party of Transylvania 3                                          
  Social Liberal Union 3                                          

Administrative divisions

Harghita County has 4 municipalities, 5 towns and 58 communes

References

  1. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 și 2002"
  2. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația după etnie" ("Population by ethnicity")
  3. ^ National Institute of Statistics, [2]
  4. ^ Recensamantul Populatiei si Locuintelor 2011: Populația stabilă după etnie – județe, municipii, orașe, comune

External links

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.