World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Fuyu Kyrgyz language

Article Id: WHEBN0002395416
Reproduction Date:

Title: Fuyu Kyrgyz language  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Languages of China, Turkic languages, Tibetan Sign Language, Mulam language, Central Min
Collection: Agglutinative Languages, Endangered Turkic Languages, Languages of China, Siberian Turkic Languages, Turkic Languages
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Fuyu Kyrgyz language

Fuyu Kyrgyz
Fuyü Gïrgïs
Pronunciation
Native to China
Region Heilongjiang
Ethnicity 875 (no date)
Native speakers
unknown (10 cited 1982 census)[1]
Turkic
Language codes
ISO 639-3 None (mis)
Linguist list
kjh-fyk

Fuyu Kyrgyz (Fuyü Gïrgïs, Fu-Yu Kirgiz), also known as Manchurian Kirghiz, is the easternmost Turkic language. Despite its name, it is not a variety of Kyrgyz but is closer to Khakas; the people migrated from Russia in 1761, and the name may be due to the survival of a common tribal name. The present-day Kyrgyz people originally lived in the same area that the speakers of Fuyu Kyrgyz at first dwelled in within modern-day Russia. These Kyrgyz were known as the Yenisei Kyrgyz. It is now spoken in northeastern China's Heilongjiang province, in and around Fuyu County, Qiqihar (300 km northwest of Harbin) by a small number of passive speakers who are classified as Kyrgyz nationality.[3]

Contents

  • Sounds 1
  • Speakers 2
  • Notes 3
  • References 4

Sounds

Although a complete phonemic analysis of Girgis has not been done,[4] Hu and Imart have made numerous observations about the sound system in their tentative description of the language. They describe Girgis as having the short vowels noted as "a, ï, i, o, ö, u, ü" which correspond roughly to IPA [a, ə, ɪ, ɔ, œ, ʊ, ʉ], with minimal rounding and tendency towards centralization.[5] Vowel length is phonemic and occurs as a result of consonant-deletion (Girgis /pʉːn/ vs. Kyrgyz /bygyn/). Each short vowel has an equivalent long vowel, with the addition of /e /. Girgis displays vowel harmony as well as consonant harmony.[6] The consonant sounds in Girgis, including allophone variants, are [p, b, ɸ, β, t, d, ð, k, q, ɡ, h, ʁ, ɣ, s, ʃ, z, ʒ, dʒ, tʃ, m, n, ŋ, l, r, j]. Girgis does not display a phonemic difference between the stop set /p, t, k/ and /b, d, g/; these stops can also be aspirated to [pʰ, tʰ, kʰ] in Chinese loanwords.[7]

Speakers

In 1980, Fuyu Girgis was spoken by a majority of adults in a community of around a hundred homes. However, many adults in the area have switched to speaking a local variety of Mongolian, and children have switched to Chinese as taught in the education system.[8]

Notes

  1. ^ Khakas reference at Ethnologue (16th ed., 2009)
  2. ^ Concise Encyclopedia of Languages of the World. Contributors Keith Brown, Sarah Ogilvie (revised ed.). Elsevier. 2010. p. 1109.  
  3. ^ Hu & Imart 1987, p. 1
  4. ^ Hu & Imart 1987, p. 11
  5. ^ Hu & Imart 1987, pp. 8–9
  6. ^ Hu & Imart 1987, pp. 24–25
  7. ^ Hu & Imart 1987, pp. 11–13
  8. ^ Hu & Imart 1987, pp. 2–3

References

  • Hu, Zhen-hua; Imart, Guy (1987), Fu-Yü Gïrgïs: A tentative description of the easternmost Turkic language,  
  • Li, Yongsŏng; Ölmez, Mehmet; Kim, Juwon (2007), "Some Newly Identified Words in Fuyu Kirghiz (Part 1)", Ural-Altaische Jahrbücher (Neue Folge) 21: 141–169 


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.