World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Eugen Jebeleanu

Article Id: WHEBN0017601282
Reproduction Date:

Title: Eugen Jebeleanu  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Anatol E. Baconsky, List of Romanian writers, July Theses, List of Romanian-language poets, Symbolist movement in Romania
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Eugen Jebeleanu

Bust of Jebeleanu at the Kiskőrös Petőfi Museum in Hungary.

Eugen Jebeleanu (24 April 1911 – 21 August 1991), Romanian poet, was born in Câmpina, where he attended elementary school. After graduating from high school in Braşov at age 11 in 1922, he published his first poems five years later in the literary review Viaţa literară. His first book of poetry, Schituri cu soare ("Sketes with Sun"), appeared in 1929, the year he moved to Bucharest to study law at the University of Bucharest. He published another volume of poems, Inimi sub săbii ("Hearts under Swords") in 1934, but Jebeleanu's principal literary activity in the 1930s was as a journalist closely allied with the left-wing press.[1]

After Scutul păcii ("The Shield of Peace", 1949); Poeme de pace şi de luptă ("Poems of Peace and War", 1950); În satul lui Sahia ("In Sahia's Village", 1952); Bălcescu (1952), a long poem written in honour of the historian and revolutionary Nicolae Bălcescu; and Cîntecele pădurii tinere ("Songs of the Young Forest", 1953).[1]

Jebeleanu first achieved international recognition with his collection of humanitarian poems about the atomic bombing of Hiroshima: Surîsul Hiroşimei ("The Smile of Hiroshima", 1958). After an "oratorio" celebrating the liberation at the end of the war, Oratoriul eliberării ("The Oratorio of Liberation", 1959), and a volume of selected verse, Poezii şi poeme ("Poems", 1961), he published one of his most highly regarded collections of poems, Lidice, Cîntece împotriva morţii ("Lidice, Songs against Death", 1963). In the same spirit of universal humanism as Surîsul Hiroşimei, his new collection was inspired by a postwar visit to the site of the Czech village of Lidice, which together with its inhabitants was totally destroyed by the Nazis during World War II as an act of revenge.[1]

Jebeleanu's other publications include Din veacul XX ("From the Twentieth Century", 1956), a collection of journalistic texts; Poeme, 1944-1964 ("Poems, 1944-1964", 1964); Elegie pentru floarea secerată ("Elegy for the Cut Flower", 1966), one of his important collections of lyrics and a break from his previous engaged poetry; Hanibal ("Hannibal", 1972), a volume of poems; and Deasupra zilei ("Above the Day", 1981), a book of "jottings" on various subjects.[1] In the 1970s, the Romanian Academy, of which he was a member, nominated him for the Nobel Prize in Literature.[2][3]

Although initially a supporter of the regime, he expressed alarm after the July Theses were issued in 1971,[4] and, considered one of the leaders of the liberal wing of the Writers' Union of Romania, was dropped from the Romanian Communist Party's central committee at its 13th Congress in 1984.[5]

Jebeleanu translated poetry from six languages, including Hungarian (Petőfi), Turkish, French (Hugo) and German (Rilke).[6][7] Three poems of his appeared in English in a 1969 anthology, and five more in 1985.[1] In 2007, his last collection of poems, Armă secretă ("Secret Weapon", 1980), appeared in English, the first full volume of his work to do so.[8] His son Tudor is a graphic artist.[9] He and his wife Florica (née Cordescu), a painter who died in 1965, also had a daughter, Florica.[10]

One of his hobbies was recreational fishing.[11]

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e Segel, Harold B. The Columbia Guide to the Literatures of Eastern Europe Since 1945, p.247. Columbia University Press, 2003, ISBN 0-231-11404-4.
  2. ^ Slope, November–December 2000
  3. ^ (Romanian) Membrii Academiei Române, at the Romanian Academy site; retrieved April 8, 2012
  4. ^ Deletant, Dennis. Ceauşescu and the Securitate, p.185. M.E. Sharpe, 1995, ISBN 1-56324-633-3.
  5. ^ Tismăneanu, Vladmimir. Stalinism for All Seasons: A Political History of Romanian Communism, p.209. University of California Press, 2003, ISBN 0-520-23747-1.
  6. ^ Rusan, Romulus. O discuţie la Masa Tăcerii, p.65. Asociaţia LiterNet, ISBN 973-7893-70-0.
  7. ^ George, Emery. Contemporary East European Poetry: An Anthology, p.307. Oxford University Press US, 1993, ISBN 0-19-508636-8.
  8. ^ Profile at poets.org
  9. ^ Brandient
  10. ^ (Romanian) Vladimir Tismăneanu, "Între steagul partidului şi Salvatore Adamo: Amintiri despre anii 1963-1965", in 22, 10 August 2005; accessed May 17, 2011
  11. ^ (Romanian) Interview with a family friend

External links

  • (English) Selected poems from Slope
  • (Romanian) Selected poems at "Poezii"
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.