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Title: Bizcocho  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of desserts, List of pastries, Uruguayan cuisine, Desserts, Latin American cuisine
Collection: Cakes, Desserts, Latin American Cuisine, Pastries
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


A bizcocho from Asturias, Spain.
Type Pastry and cookies

Bizcocho (Spanish pronunciation:  or ) is the name given in the Spanish-speaking world to a wide range of pastries, cakes or cookies. The exact product to which the word bizcocho is applied varies widely depending on the region and country. For instance, in Spain bizcocho is exclusively used to refer to sponge cake. In turn, in Uruguay, most buttery flaky pastry including croissants are termed bizcocho, whilst sponge cake is called bizcochuelo. In turn, in Chile, Dominican Republic or Bolivia bizcocho refers to a sweet dough (masa) baked with local ingredients, not dissimilar from the bizcocho from Spain. In Ecuador the dough of a bizcocho can either be sweet or salty. The US state New Mexico is unusual in using the diminutive form of the name, bizcochito, as the name for a locally developed and very popular cookie.

Types of bizcochos

Croissants or Cruasanes (as they are known in Uruguay.)
Margarita with dulce de membrillo (a sweet quince paste.)

Some of the most usual types of bizcochos are:

  • Cruasanes or Croissants: Croissants are called bizcocho in Uruguay. They can be sweet (cruasanes dulces, with sugar or chocolate on top) or savory (cruasanes salados, sometimes with cheese on top). Croissants can also be filled with pastry cream, dulce de membrillo (a sweet quince paste), dulce de leche for the sweet ones or cheese, ham or salami for the savory ones. Croissants in Argentina are known as facturas, not bizcochos.
  • Galletas dulces or Known as a bizcocho in Uruguay, was originated from a kind of bread known as galleta, galleta de campaña or galleta con grasa. Galletas dulces have a cover of caramel and sugar on top.
  • Margaritas: They are a variation of croissants with the extremes put together, found both in Uruguay and Argentina, leaving some space in the middle for a filling (pastry cream, dulce de membrillo or dulce de leche). They have sugar on top of the pastry and the filling. Margaritas are always sweet and they got their name from the flower they resemble (a daisy, known in Spanish as "margarita").
  • Ojitos : A kind of round cookie with a space in the middle filled with dulce de membrillo, again from Uruguay.
  • Pan con grasa (same in the plural): This is another kind of bizcocho in Uruguay originated from a type of bread (the cañón). Pan con grasa are the most popular savory bizcochos along with savory croissants.
  • Polvorones : Another kind of cookie. They can be simple, contain cocoa (known as polvorones de chocolate) or mixed. Originated in Spain, polvorones are called bizcocho exclusively in Uruguay.
  • Sponge Cake: sponge cake is the sole pastry called bizcocho in Spain. It may be baked with chocolate, lemon, yoghurt, etc., in the same manner as any other sponge cake.
  • Vigilantes : Another sweet variation of croissants. They are long and thin, with sugar on top.


Bizcochos are one of the most intrinsic traditions of the Uruguayan culture. They are the inseparable "companions" of mate, coffee, café con leche or tea for breakfast or the merienda (afternoon tea.) They are also common in meetings with friends, especially those taking place in parks, squares, beaches or along the coastline in ramblas (an avenue bordering the coast with pedestrian areas on each side) such as the ones in Montevideo.

Bizcochos are sold not only at panaderías (bakeries), but also at specialized shops called bizcocherías.

Other uses for the name

In Colombia, bizcocho refers to a handsome older gentleman as well as to a tasty sweet cake.

In Costa Rica, bizcochos are made with masa,

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