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Bisitun Cave

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Title: Bisitun Cave  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Prehistory of Iran, History of Iran, List of Neanderthal sites
Collection: Archaeological Sites in Iran, Caves of Iran, Landforms of Kermanshah Province, Neanderthal Sites, Tourism in Iran
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Bisitun Cave

Bisitun Cave during excavations in 1949

Bisitun is a small cave situated in the Zagros Mountains in north-western Iran. The cave has been associated with Mousterian industry of the Middle Paleolithic period as artefacts from that period have been excavated from the site.[1][2] Dibble described the lithics from the cave as Middle Paleolithic with strong Levallois components. He found no temporal changes in the Middle Paleolithic strata. Coon described two hominid remains from the site, an upper IJ and a radius shaft fragment, both from Layer F+. Trinkaus and Bilgari described the material in detail, showing that the incisor is not a hominid IJ, but is a bovid IJ/M. According to their analysis, the radius fragment shows Neanderthal affinities, as it is mediolaterally expanded at the interosseus crest. Metrically, it is outside the range of variation of Early Anatomically Modern Humans, but in the range of Neanderthals and Early Upper Paleolithic humans.

See also


  1. ^ Dibble, HL (1984). "The Mousterian Industry from Bisitun Cave (Iran)". Paléorient 10 (2): 23–34.  
  2. ^ Trinkaus, E; Biglari, F (2006). "Middle Paleolithic Human Remains from Bisitun Cave, Iran". Paléorient 32 (2): 105–11.  

Further reading

  • Coon, C.S. 1951. Cave exploration in Iran 1949 (Museum Monographs). Philadelphia (PA): University Museum, University of Pennsylvania Press

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