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50th Parallel North

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Title: 50th Parallel North  
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50th Parallel North

Line across the Earth
50°
50th parallel north

The 50th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 50 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses Europe, Asia, the Pacific Ocean, North America, and the Atlantic Ocean.

At this latitude the sun is visible for 16 hours, 22 minutes during the summer solstice and 8 hours, 4 minutes during the winter solstice.[1] The maximum altitude of the sun on the summer solstice is 63.5 degrees and on the winter solstice it is 16.5 degrees.[2]

At this latitude, the average sea surface temperature between 1982 and 2011 was about 8.5°C (47.3°F).[3]

Contents

  • Around the world 1
  • Sakhalin island 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4

Around the world

50th latitude mark in central Mainz, Germany
50th parallel north memorial at Kharkiv, Ukraine

Starting at the Prime Meridian and heading eastwards, the parallel 50° north passes through:

Co-ordinates Country, territory or sea Notes
English Channel
 France Upper Normandy — for about 20 km
Picardy — passing just north of Amiens
Nord-Pas-de-Calais — for about 13 km
 Belgium Wallonia
 France Champagne-Ardenne — for about 10 km
 Belgium Wallonia
 Luxembourg Diekirch District
 Germany Rhineland-Palatinate
Hesse
Rhineland-Palatinate — passing through Mainz city centre
Hesse — passing just south of Frankfurt, crossing a runway of FRA international airport and passing just south of DCF77 time signal transmitter
Bavaria — passing just north of Bayreuth
 Czech Republic Passing through southern parts of Prague
 Poland For about 11 km
 Czech Republic For about 10 km
 Poland Passing through southern districts of Kraków and Rzeszów
 Ukraine Lviv Oblast — passing just north of Lviv
Ternopil Oblast
Khmelnytskyi Oblast
Zhytomyr Oblast
Kiev Oblast
Cherkasy Oblast
Poltava Oblast
Kharkiv Oblast — passing through Kharkiv
 Russia Belgorod Oblast — for about 18 km
 Ukraine Luhansk Oblast — for about 12 km
 Russia Belgorod Oblast
Voronezh Oblast
Rostov Oblast
Volgograd Oblast
 Kazakhstan West Kazakhstan Province
 Russia Saratov Oblast
 Kazakhstan West Kazakhstan Province
Aktobe Province
Kostanay Province
Karagandy Province — passing just north of Karaganda
East Kazakhstan Province — passing just north of Oskemen
 Russia Altai Republic
Tuva
 Mongolia Passing through the southern tip of Uvs Lake
 Russia Tuva
 Mongolia For about 11 km
 Russia Tuva — for about 7 km
 Mongolia For about 11 km
 Russia Tuva
 Mongolia
 Russia Buryatia — for about 5 km
 Mongolia For about 3 km
 Russia Buryatia
Zabaykalsky Krai
 Mongolia
 Russia Zabaykalsky Krai
 Mongolia
 Russia Zabaykalsky Krai
 People's Republic of China Inner Mongolia
Heilongjiang
 Russia Amur Oblast
Khabarovsk Krai
Strait of Tartary
 Russia Sakhalin Oblast — island of Sakhalin
Sea of Okhotsk
 Russia Sakhalin Oblast — island of Paramushir
Pacific Ocean
 Canada British ColumbiaVancouver Island (passing through the town of Campbell River) and mainland
Alberta — passing through the city of Medicine Hat
Saskatchewan
Manitoba — passing just north of Winnipeg
Ontario — passing through Lake Nipigon
Quebec
Gulf of Saint Lawrence Passing just north of Anticosti Island, Quebec,  Canada
 Canada Newfoundland and Labrador — island of Newfoundland
White Bay
 Canada Newfoundland and Labrador — island of Newfoundland
Atlantic Ocean Confusion Bay
 Canada Newfoundland and Labrador — island of Newfoundland
Atlantic Ocean Passing just north of the Isles of Scilly, England,  United Kingdom
 United Kingdom EnglandLizard Peninsula, Cornwall, for about 7 km
English Channel

Sakhalin island

During the Empire of Japan era, from 1905 to 1945, the 50th parallel marked the Japan–Russia border between the Karafuto Prefecture of Japan to the south with the Russian Empire, and later the Soviet Union, to the north in the island of Sakhalin. The entire island came under Soviet control after World War II.[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ http://aa.usno.navy.mil/data/docs/Dur_OneYear.php
  2. ^ http://www.eoearth.org/view/article/151843/
  3. ^ https://pielkeclimatesci.files.wordpress.com/2012/07/zonal-mean-sst-1982-2011-average.png
  4. ^
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