World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

1917–18 NHL season

Article Id: WHEBN0000576289
Reproduction Date:

Title: 1917–18 NHL season  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Toronto Maple Leafs, 1918 Stanley Cup Finals, Joe Malone (ice hockey), List of Toronto Maple Leafs records, Art Ross
Collection: 1917–18 in Canadian Ice Hockey by League, 1917–18 Nhl Season
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

1917–18 NHL season

1917–18 NHL season
League National Hockey League
Sport Ice hockey
Duration December 19, 1917 – March 6, 1918
Number of games 20
Number of teams 4(3)
Regular season
Top scorer Joe Malone (44–4–48)
Champions Toronto
  Runners-up Montreal Canadiens

The 1917–18 NHL season was the first season of the National Hockey League (NHL) professional ice hockey league. The league was formed after the suspension of the National Hockey Association (NHA). Play was held in two halves, December 19 to February 4, and February 6 to March 6. The Canadiens won the first half, and Toronto the second half. The Montreal Wanderers withdrew early in January 1918 after their rink, the Westmount Arena, burned down. Toronto won the NHL playoff and then won the Stanley Cup by defeating the PCHA's Vancouver Millionaires three games to two in a best-of-five series.


  • League business 1
    • Quebec dispersal draft 1.1
    • Rule changes 1.2
  • Regular season 2
    • Highlights 2.1
    • Final standings 2.2
  • Playoffs 3
    • NHL Championship 3.1
    • Stanley Cup series 3.2
  • Schedule and results 4
    • Results 4.1
  • Awards 5
  • Player statistics 6
    • Scoring leaders 6.1
    • Leading goaltenders 6.2
    • NHL playoff scoring leaders 6.3
  • Debuts 7
  • Last games 8
  • See also 9
  • References 10
  • External links 11

League business

In November 1917, the owners of the NHA, apparently unwilling to continue the league with Toronto NHA owner Eddie Livingstone, decided to suspend the NHA and form a new league, the NHL, without Livingstone. The events transpired as follows:

On October 19, a meeting of the NHA board of directors was held. Livingstone did not attend, sending lawyer Eddie Barclay. Barclay was informed by the directors that Toronto would not play in the 1917–18 season due to the difficulty of operating a five-team league, both in scheduling and availability of players during wartime. Livingstone then publicly announced that he would set up an international circuit and raid the NHA players.[1]

On November 9, 1917, it was reported that the Toronto NHA franchise was sold to Charles Querrie of the Toronto Arena corporation. At this point, NHA president Robertson and secretary Frank Calder denied that the NHA would change, dissolve or adopt other subterfuge.[2] This sale never completed.

The November 10, 1917 annual meeting of the NHA was presided over by Mr. Calder, attended by Martin Rosenthal and E.P Dey for Ottawa; Sam Lichtenheim for the Wanderers; George Kennedy for the Canadiens and M. J. Quinn and Charles Fremont for Quebec. At the meeting, Livingstone is represented by J. F. Boland, who states that if the league operates that the Toronto franchise intends to be full members. The NHA votes to suspend operations but not wind up the organization and will meet in one year's time. According to the Globe, there is a movement to form a new four-team league of Toronto, Ottawa and the two Montreal teams.[3] According to Holzman(2002), the Toronto representative offers to allow the Arena Gardens to manage the Torontos and lease the players.[4]

There then followed a period of speculation in the newspapers as to whether Quebec would play in the new season and what would be the league organization. One name for the new league was speculated: the "National Professional Hockey League". If Quebec could play then the Toronto players would be dispersed; if Quebec could not play then the Toronto players would be loaned to a temporary Toronto franchise. Representatives of Ottawa, Quebec and the Montreal teams met on November 22, 1917, but adjourned without a decision.[5]

On November 26, 1917, representatives of the Ottawa, Quebec and Montreal NHA clubs met at the Windsor Hotel in Montreal. The decision to start a new league is finalized and announced. The decision was made to start a new league, the National Hockey League, with the following provisions:

  • Constitution and rules the same as the NHA
  • Frank Calder elected president and secretary
  • M. J. Quinn of Quebec was named honorary president
  • Franchises were granted to Ottawa, Canadiens, Wanderers,
  • Quebec players to be disbursed among the other teams

A Toronto franchise was to be operated 'temporarily' by the Arena Gardens while the Toronto ownership situation was resolved. The franchise uses the players of the Blueshirts, including those who had been transferred to other NHA teams for the second half of the 1916–17 NHA season. While Livingstone agreed to a lease of the team, the NHL owners do not intend to share any revenues from the players. Livingstone would sue for the team's revenues in 1918. George Kennedy, owner of the Canadiens, would later say:

"The Toronto players belong as a body to the National Hockey League, for they were only loaned to the Toronto Arena Company, though Livingstone tried to make the Arena Company believe that he controlled those players"[6]

The team played without a nickname for the season.

According to Holzman,[7] the NHL itself was intended to operate temporarily until the Toronto NHA franchise was resolved. The NHA had a pending lawsuit against the 228th Battalion, and could or would not fold until after that was heard.

Quebec dispersal draft

According to McFarlane, the owners of the Quebec franchise asked $200 per man selected; but the amount received by the franchise is not recorded. The Wanderers took four players, but overlooked great Joe Malone, who was picked up by the Canadiens, who also took Joe Hall. Odie Cleghorn and Sprague Cleghorn joined the Wanderers, but Sprague broke a leg and was sidelined.[8]

Rule changes

On January 9, 1918, the league decided to allow goaltenders to drop to the ice surface in order to make saves. This was the first implemented and amended rule change in the National Hockey League. It was done in response to Ottawa's Clint Benedict constantly falling to make saves.[9] According to NHL president Frank Calder, "As far as I am concerned they can stand on their head(s)."[10]

Regular season

The new league faced stiff competition for players from a number of other leagues including the Pacific Coast Hockey Association. Also, filling rosters was a challenge because the talent pool was decimated by World War I.

The Wanderers were in trouble from the start of the season. They won their home opener but drew only 700 fans. The Wanderers then lost the next three games and owner Lichtenhein threatened to withdraw from the league unless he could get some players. Although they could have acquired Joe Malone in the draft, they turned to the PCHA and signed goaltender Hap Holmes. They also obtained permission to sign such players as Frank Foyston, Jack Walker and others if they could do so. The Wanderers loaned Holmes to the Seattle Metropolitans of the PCHA, but he eventually found his way back to the NHL when Seattle loaned him to Toronto.

Ruins of Montreal Arena

A league meeting was planned to deal with the situation, but on January 2, 1918, the matter was resolved when the Montreal Arena burned down, leaving the Canadiens and Wanderers homeless. The Canadiens moved into the 3,250 seat Jubilee Rink.[11] The Hamilton arena offered to provide a home for the Wanderers, but Lichtenhein disbanded the team on January 4, after the other clubs refused to give him any players. The remaining three teams would complete the season.

The last active player from the inaugural season was Reg Noble, who retired following the 1933 Stanley Cup playoffs.


The first game of the season featured Toronto versus the Wanderers. Montreal's Dave Ritchie scored the first goal in NHL history and Harry Hyland had four goals in the Wanderers 10–9 victory, which would be their only one in the NHL. The opening game was played in front of only 700 fans.[12]

On January 28, when Canadiens visited Toronto, players Alf Skinner and Joe Hall got into a stick-swinging duel. Both players received match penalties, $15 fines and were arrested by the Toronto Police for disorderly conduct, for which they received suspended sentences.

In February, Ken Randall of Toronto was suspended pending payment of $35 in fines to the league. He brought $32 in paper money and 300 pennies. The pennies were refused. He tossed his bag of pennies onto the ice prior to the game against Ottawa, and one of the Ottawa players banged it with his stick, scattering the pennies around the ice. The game was delayed while the pennies were picked up.[12]

Final standings

First Half
Montreal Canadiens 14 10 4 0 20 81 47
Toronto Hockey Club 14 8 6 0 16 71 75
Ottawa Senators 14 5 9 0 10 67 79
Montreal Wanderers 6 1 5 0 2 17 35
Second Half
Toronto Hockey Club 8 5 3 0 10 37 34
Ottawa Senators 8 4 4 0 8 35 35
Montreal Canadiens 8 3 5 0 6 34 37

[13] Note: GP = Games Played, W = Wins, L = Losses, T = Ties, Pts = Points, GF = Goals For, GA = Goals Against
Teams that qualified for the playoffs are highlighted in bold.
The Wanderers defaulted scheduled games against the Canadiens (Jan. 2, 1918) and Toronto (Jan. 5, 1918), when their arena burned down.
These appear as losses in the standings, but the games were not played.[14]

Wanderers defaulted scheduled games against the Canadiens (Jan. 2, 1918) and Toronto (Jan. 5, 1918), when their arena burned down. These appear as losses in the standings, but the games were not played.

"The league did not accept the Wanderers' resignation immediately, electing to wait and see whether the team showed up for its scheduled match in Toronto on Saturday January 5. ... The deadline did expire, and the once-powerful team that had been known as the Little Men of Iron was thrown onto the scrap heap of hockey history. The Wanderers' scheduled games of January 2 and 5 were officially recorded in the standings as victories for their respective opponents, the Canadiens and Torontos." — Holzman.[15]


All dates in 1918

NHL Championship

Montreal had won the first half of the NHL split season and Toronto had won the second half. The two teams then played a two game total goals series for the NHL championship. The series saw lots of fighting involving Bert Corbeau and Newsy Lalonde.[12] Toronto won the series and advanced to the Stanley Cup final.

Toronto vs. Montreal Canadiens
Date Away Score Home Score Notes
March 11 Montreal Canadiens 3 Toronto 7
March 13 Toronto 3 Montreal Canadiens 4

Toronto wins total goals series 10–7.

Stanley Cup series

1917–18 season Toronto Arenas. Top row, from left: Rusty Crawford, Harry Meeking, Ken Randall, Corbett Denneny, Harry Cameron. Middle row, from left: Dick Carroll, Jack Adams, Charles Querrie, Alf Skinner, Frank Carroll. Bottom row, from left: Harry Mummery, Harry "Hap" Homes, Reg Noble.

The championship series was played at Arena Gardens in Toronto. The games alternated between seven-man PCHA rules and NHL six-man rules. Toronto won all three games played under NHL rules, and Vancouver won the two games played under PCHA rules. Although Vancouver's Mickey MacKay was described as sensational in the fifth and deciding game, it was Corbett Denneny of Toronto who scored the winning goal and Toronto won the Stanley Cup.[16]

Vancouver Millionaires vs. Toronto
Date Away Score Home Score Notes
March 20 Vancouver Millionaires 3 Toronto 5
March 23 Toronto 4 Vancouver Millionaires 6
March 26 Vancouver Millionaires 3 Toronto 6
March 28 Toronto 1 Vancouver Millionaires 8
March 30 Vancouver Millionaires 1 Toronto 2

Toronto wins best-of-five series 3 games to 2 for the Stanley Cup

Schedule and results


First half
Month Day Visitor Score Home Score
Dec. 19 Canadiens 7 Ottawa 4
19 Toronto 9 Wanderers 10
21 Ottawa 4 Toronto 11
21 Canadiens 11 Wanderers 2
26 Ottawa 6 Wanderers 3
26 Canadiens 5 Toronto 7
29 Wanderers 2 Ottawa 9
29 Toronto 2 Canadiens 9
Jan. 2 Toronto 6 Ottawa 5
2† Wanderers Canadiens
5 Ottawa 5 Canadiens 6 (27' OT)
5† Wanderers Toronto
9 Canadiens 4 Toronto 6
12 Ottawa 4 Canadiens 9
14 Toronto 6 Ottawa 9
16 Ottawa 4 Toronto 5
19 Toronto 1 Canadiens 5
21 Canadiens 5 Ottawa 3
23 Ottawa 4 Canadiens 3
26 Toronto 3 Ottawa 6
28 Canadiens 1 Toronto 5
30 Canadiens 5 Ottawa 2
Feb. 2 Toronto 2 Canadiens 11
4 Ottawa 2 Toronto 8

† Montreal Arena burned down and Wanderers withdraw. Two Wanderers games count as wins for Canadiens and Toronto.

Second half
Month Day Visitor Score Home Score
Feb. 6 Canadiens 3 Ottawa 6
9 Toronto 7 Canadiens 3
11 Ottawa 1 Toronto 3
13 Toronto 6 Ottawa 1
16 Ottawa 4 Canadiens 10
18 Canadiens 9 Toronto 0
20 Toronto 4 Canadiens 5
23 Ottawa 3 Toronto 9
25 Canadiens 0 Ottawa 8
27 Ottawa 3 Canadiens 1 (at Quebec)
Mar. 2 Canadiens 3 Toronto 5
6 Toronto 3 Ottawa 9




Preceded by
1916–17 NHA season
First NHL season
Succeeded by
1918–19 NHL season
  • NHL Official Website
  • Hockey Database

External links

  1. ^ "Ed Livingstone Now Threatens To Break Up Pro Hockey Assn If Toronto is Forced Out". Ottawa Citizen. October 21, 1917. p. 8. 
  2. ^ Coleman 1966, p. 328.
  3. ^ "N.H.A. Decides To Remain Idle". The Globe. November 12, 1917. p. 14. 
  4. ^ Holzman 2002, p. 151.
  5. ^ "Same Old Story: N.H.A. Uncertain". The Globe. November 23, 1917. 
  6. ^ from "Trying Hard to Wreck Pro Hockey". Montreal Star. October 1, 1918. p. 6.  as quoted in Holzman2002, page 371.
  7. ^ Holzman 2002, p. 193.
  8. ^ McFarlane 1973, p. 26.
  9. ^ Coleman 1966, p. 333.
  10. ^ Dryden 2000, p. 20.
  11. ^ Fischler 2003, p. 31.
  12. ^ a b c McFarlane 1973, p. 27.
  13. ^ Standings: NHL Public Relations Department (2008). Dave McCarthy; et al., eds. THE NATIONAL HOCKEY LEAGUE Official Guide & Record Book/2009. National Hockey League. p. 145.  
  14. ^ Holzman, Morey; Joseph Nieforth (2002). "Lichtenhein Loses the War". Deceptions and Doublecross: How the NHL Conquered Hockey. Toronto: Dundurn Press. pp. 169–70.  
  15. ^ Holzman 2002, pp. 169–70.
  16. ^ McFarlane 1973, pp. 27–28.
  17. ^ "O'Brien Trophy To Be Given To Ottawa". The Morning Leader (Regina, Saskatchewan). November 17, 1921. p. 14. Retrieved July 27, 2011. 
  18. ^ Dinger 2011, p. 145.
  19. ^ "1917–18 Regular Season – Goalie Season Stats Leaders". NHL. Retrieved December 1, 2011. 
  • Coleman, Charles (1966). The Trail of the Stanley Cup, vol. 1, 1893–1926 inc. 
  • Diamond, Dan, ed. (2000). Total Hockey. Total Sports. p. 142.  
  • Dinger, Ralph, ed. (2011). The National Hockey League Official Guide & Record Book 2012. Dan Diamond & Associates.  
  • Dryden, Steve, ed. (2000). Century of hockey. Toronto, ON: McClelland & Stewart Ltd.  
  • Fischler, Stan; Fischler, Shirley; Hughes, Morgan; Romain, Joseph; Duplacey, James (2003). The Hockey Chronicle: Year-by-Year History of the National Hockey League. Publications International Inc.  
  • Holzman, Morey; Nieforth, Joseph (2002). Deceptions and Doublecross: How the NHL Conquered Hockey. Toronto, ON: Dundurn Press. 
  • McFarlane, Brian (1973). The Story of the National Hockey League. New York, NY: Pagurian Press.  


See also

The following is a list of players of note that played their last game in the NHL in 1917–18 (listed with their last team):

Last games

The following is a list of players of note who played their first NHL game in 1917–18 (listed with their first team, not including players who previously played in the NHA):


Player Team GP G A Pts
Alf Skinner Toronto 7 8 3 11
Newsy Lalonde Canadiens 2 4 4
Harry Cameron Toronto 7 4 4
Harry Meeking Toronto 7 4 4
Reg Noble Toronto 7 3 3
GP = Games Played, G = Goals, A = Assists, Pts = Points

NHL playoff scoring leaders

Source: NHL[19]

Name Team GP Mins W L T GA SO GAA
Georges Vezina Canadiens 21 1282 12 9 0 84 1 3.93
Harry Holmes Toronto 16 965 9 7 0 76 4.73
Clint Benedict Ottawa 22 1337 9 13 0 114 1 5.12
Art Brooks Toronto 4 220 2 2 0 23 6.27
Sammy Hebert Toronto/Ottawa 2 80 1 0 0 10 7.5

Leading goaltenders

Source: NHL[18]

Player Team GP G A Pts PIM
Joe Malone Montreal Canadiens 20 44 4 48 30
Cy Denneny Ottawa Senators 20 36 10 46 80
Reg Noble Toronto 20 30 10 40 35
Newsy Lalonde Montreal Canadiens 14 23 7 30 51
Corbett Denneny Toronto 21 20 9 29 14
Harry Cameron Toronto 21 17 10 27 28
Didier Pitre Montreal Canadiens 20 17 6 23 29
Eddie Gerard Ottawa Senators 20 13 7 20 26
Jack Darragh Ottawa Senators 18 14 5 19 26
Frank Nighbor Ottawa Senators 10 11 8 19 6
GP = Games Played, G = Goals, A = Assists, Pts = Points, PIM = Penalties In Minutes

Scoring leaders

Player statistics

The Hockey Hall of Fame lists Toronto as the winner for 1917–18. [17]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.