World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Choir (city)

Article Id: WHEBN0023999087
Reproduction Date:

Title: Choir (city)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Trans-Mongolian Railway, Zamyn-Üüd, Bor-Öndör
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Choir (city)

For other uses, see Choir (disambiguation).
Choir
Чойр
ᠴᠣᠶᠢᠷ
District
Sümber District
Сүмбэр сум
ᠰᠦᠮᠪᠦᠷᠰᠤᠮᠤ

Train station of Choir, Mongolia, 2013
Choir
Choir
Location in Mongolia

Coordinates: 46°21′38″N 108°21′54″E / 46.36056°N 108.36500°E / 46.36056; 108.36500Coordinates: 46°21′38″N 108°21′54″E / 46.36056°N 108.36500°E / 46.36056; 108.36500

Country Province Govisümber
Sum Sümber
Population (2002)
 • Total 7,588
Time zone UTC+8

Choir (Mongolian: Чойр) is a city in Mongolia. It is the capital of Govisümber Province, in the east-central part of the country. Choir is officially known as Sümber sum of Govisümber Province.

Population

In 2002 a population of Choir city was 7,588 (and 9,207 with rural parts of Sümber sum),[1] up from a population of 4,500 in 1979.[2] For the end of 2006 estimations population was 7,998.[3]

Geography

Choir lies in the Choir Depression, a lowland strip about 150 km long and 10 to 20 km wide, about 500 m lower than the surrounding upland.[4] It lies at an altitude of 1269 m.

Climate

Choir has a semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification BSk) with warm summers and severely cold winters. Most precipitation falls in the summer as rain, with some snow in the adjacent months of May and September. Winters are very dry.

Climate data for Choir
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 0.5
(32.9)
7.8
(46)
17.0
(62.6)
28.1
(82.6)
35.6
(96.1)
36.3
(97.3)
36.6
(97.9)
34.7
(94.5)
30.0
(86)
23.5
(74.3)
12.0
(53.6)
7.8
(46)
36.6
(97.9)
Average high °C (°F) −14.9
(5.2)
−11.2
(11.8)
−0.5
(31.1)
10.1
(50.2)
18.7
(65.7)
23.9
(75)
25.0
(77)
23.4
(74.1)
17.1
(62.8)
8.6
(47.5)
−3.9
(25)
−12.9
(8.8)
6.95
(44.52)
Daily mean °C (°F) −20.5
(−4.9)
−17.3
(0.9)
−7.9
(17.8)
2.3
(36.1)
11.0
(51.8)
16.6
(61.9)
18.6
(65.5)
16.9
(62.4)
9.9
(49.8)
1.2
(34.2)
−10.3
(13.5)
−18.3
(−0.9)
0.18
(32.34)
Average low °C (°F) −25.0
(−13)
−22.9
(−9.2)
−14.1
(6.6)
−4.7
(23.5)
3.7
(38.7)
10.0
(50)
12.9
(55.2)
11.1
(52)
3.9
(39)
−3.7
(25.3)
−15.6
(3.9)
−22.8
(−9)
−5.6
(21.92)
Record low °C (°F) −39.3
(−38.7)
−38.0
(−36.4)
−34
(−29)
−22.0
(−7.6)
−14.9
(5.2)
−2.1
(28.2)
3.3
(37.9)
−1.7
(28.9)
−9.6
(14.7)
−20.7
(−5.3)
−31.6
(−24.9)
−36
(−33)
−39.3
(−38.7)
Precipitation mm (inches) 0.5
(0.02)
1.5
(0.059)
1.5
(0.059)
4.4
(0.173)
10.2
(0.402)
28.6
(1.126)
55.7
(2.193)
43.5
(1.713)
19.2
(0.756)
5.6
(0.22)
4.0
(0.157)
1.9
(0.075)
176.6
(6.953)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 0.1 0.5 0.4 1.3 2.2 4.3 8.0 7.7 2.6 1.5 1.0 0.6 30.2
Source: NOAA (1961-1990) [5]

Communications

It lies along the Trans-Mongolian Railway, 250 km to the southeast of Ulan Bator. The Asian Development Bank is considering a 430-km paved road from Choir to the Chinese border, the final stage of a north-south route through the country.[6]

History

Choir was a military base during the Soviet period. In 1989, the Soviet anti-aircraft missile units left Choir.[7] The longest runway in Mongolia, now abandoned, is located 25 km N from Choir, a relic of that period.[8] In 1992, the military cantonment passed into the jurisdiction of Govisümber Province, according to the 1992 constitution.[9] Near the railway station is a statue commemorating Mongolia's first cosmonaut, Jügderdemidiin Gürragchaa.

Economy

Choir has been declared a free enterprise zone.[8] Along with Darkhan and Erdenet, it is one of three autonomous cities in Mongolia.[10] Choir has a medium-security prison with 460 prisoners.[11]

References

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.