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Battle of Artaxata

Battle of Artaxata
Part of Third Mithridatic War
Date 68 BC
Location near Artaxata, Armenia
Result Roman victory[1][2]
Belligerents
Roman Republic Kingdom of Armenia,
Iberian Spearman
Commanders and leaders
Lucullus Tigranes II
Mithridates VI of Pontus

The Battle of Artaxata, located near the Arsanias river,[2] was fought in 68 BC between the Roman Republic and the Kingdom of Armenia. The Romans were led by Consul Lucius Licinius Lucullus, while the Armenians were led by King Tigranes II, who was sheltering King Mithridates VI of Pontus.This outcome of the battle and the subsequent struggle was that the Romans could not take the "Armenian Carthage" - the city of Artashat."And in that battle the enemy cavalry to put the plight of the Roman cavalry. So many were wounded, some killed, maimed groaned, then Lucullus fell back ...", - he wrote the Roman historian Cassius Lyon, thus recognizing defeat of the Romans at Aratsani.The fact that Mithradates continued to elude[2] them and having marched 1500km led to a mutiny amongst the army.[1]Armenians expelled the Romans from the south of its powers - Mesopotamia.They refused to march any further, choosing to take and winter in the city of Nisibis.[1] Lucullus was then replaced by the Roman Senate as commander of the army by Pompey the Great.

Notes

  1. ^ a b c Lucullus, Pompey and the East, A.N. Sherwin-White, The Cambridge Ancient History, Volume 9, ed. J. A. Crook, Andrew Lintott, Elizabeth Rawson, (Cambridge University Press, 1994), 242.
  2. ^ a b c Catherine Steel, The End of the Roman Republic 146 to 44 BC: Conquest and Crisis, (Edinburgh University Press, 2013), 141.

References

  • An Encyclopedia of Battles: Accounts of Over 1560 Battles from 1479 B.C. to the Present By David Eggenberger - Page 30

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